Oldest municipal right, youngest state capital, a city of extremes. First it was the seat of the Roman administration, then the home of Saint Florian, later seat for craftsmen and merchants and finally home of the famous baroque master builder Jakob Prandtauer and the Munggenast family and therefore the baroque town. During this time, industry also started to emerge and St. Pölten became an important train junction. With the building of the Autobahn the city got more quiet until it became the state capital and so the new, modern government district was built on the other side of the Traisen, including the festival hall, state museum and archive.
The "pearl of the Viennese Woods" has been offering a special kind of flair for 6000 years. Past medieval houses and late Gothic churches the way leads directly into the woods and the "hills". This combination of culture and nature has attracted many poets, painters and musicians who then stayed forever.
As one of Austrias oldest cities, Krems was awarded the "Europa Nostra" in 1975 as a city of outstanding monument conservation. As a starting or end point of the Wachau, Krems offers something for everybody: a walk through it's medieval centre with arched courtyards, which gives it an almost italian flair, a visit to the Gozzoburg castle which has the oldes profane frescos north of the alps or a little visit to modern Austria: the caricature museum, art hall, the Loisium in the vinyards in Langenlois or the Wolkenturm ("cloud tower") in Grafenegg blend Old and New harmoniously.
The culture of bathing exists in Baden as long as 2000 years. But it wasn't just the sulphur springs which attracted people to Baden, but also it's beautiful surroundings convinced the Viennese Court use this city as a holiday resort during the summer months since the beginning of the 19th century. This is why Baden is the typical city of the Biedermeier epoch in Austria, offering lots of history to explore.
Moreover, Baden became the city of Europe's hymn and is a city of music. Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert,
Lanner, the Strausses, Millöcker, Zeller, Zierer, Strecker… they all left their mark in their own way.
A walk trough the second biggest city in Lower Austria is a lesson in Austrian history as well. Fortified by the Babenbergers, it had its high time in the 15th century, when Emperor Friedrich III, his son Maximilian I and his mother, Eleonore of Portugal had Matthias Corvinus live at their court. The Corvinus cup and the gravesites of Maximilian I and Eleonore of Portugal still remain from that period. Empress Maria Theresia supported the city by founding the still existing military academy. But the city also had to suffer badly during the Second World War when it was largely destroyed by bombardments from the Allied Forces.
Accompany our expert guides tracking and experiencing Austria's history.
A city of contrast! Here you find not only an over 900 year old monastery with Roman excavations, medieval cloisters and an extraordinary Baroque Church with an adjacent Imperial Residence but also some of the most exciting modern structures in Austria: the Essl Museum and the Protestant Church.